Many individuals suffer from some sort of lower back pain in their lifetime because of the stress and weight it holds from your upper body. The lumbar back also helps support your body while you move around, twist, and jump. All of these factors make the lower back prone to many different spinal, muscle, and ligament injuries. Continue reading below to help determine the underlying cause of your back pain and what brace is best for you!
Over time as you age, your spinal discs that were once composed of 80% water, lose some of that water content. When this occurs, your discs become less flexible, resulting in a herniated disc. A herniation in your disk is when the inner core ruptures and pushes through the crack of the outer piece.
Similar to a herniated disc mentioned above, degenerative disc disease is the result of the body’s natural aging process. Degenerative disc disease (DDD) is when your discs become weak, also causing them to lose their water content. When your discs lose this water, they are less able to absorb the normal shocks your spine endures.
A bulging disc occurs when the discs in your spine move outside its normal space. Although a bulge in your disc can occur in any region of your vertebra, It’s estimated that approximately 90 percent of bulging discs occur in the lower back (lumbar vertebra). Bulging discs commonly occur between your L4 and L5 vertebrae, and between your L5 and S1 vertebrae.
Si joint severe pain is a result of too much or too little movement in your si joints. Si joint dysfunction can be a result of two things, from being unstable or stiff. Basically, this just means they’re either moving too much or too little. Sacroiliac joint dysfunction may result in your si joints becoming inflamed - leading to a condition called sacroiliitis.
Spondylolysis refers to a defect of the bones of the spine. This defect is in the pars interarticularis, which is a small, bony arch toward the back of the spine. This bone segment joins the facet joints of the spine, which can be cracked or fractured.
Spondylolisthesis is when one of your bones in your vertebra slides forward (also called anterolisthesis) or backward (also called retrolisthesis) over the bone next to it. This typically occurs at the fifth or fourth vertebra of the low back, with slippage of the fifth vertebra (L5) being the most common form of lumbar spondylolisthesis
Sciatica is actually a symptom of some form of nerve compression. This means that sciatica is the name for the pain that you feel (usually in your leg) because you have a pinch in the nerve in your lower lumbar back. The term “sciatica” is not an actual medical diagnosis in and of itself. Rather, it’s used to describe the symptoms (chronic leg pain) of an underlying medical problem (a pinched nerve in your back).
Spinal stenosis is the narrowing of the open spaces in your spine, leading to pressure on your spinal cord and the nerves that travel through it.
A sprain occurs when a ligament stretches or tears, whereas a strain occurs when a muscle or tendon stretches or tears. When you damage your muscle, part or all of the muscle fibers, and the tendons attached to those muscles are stretching too far and therefore start to tear. This tearing of your muscle damages small blood vessels, which causes bleeding or bruising, and pain because your nerve endings in that area are irritated.
Many plus size or obese individuals tend to be more prone to lower back pain and injury for many reasons. Those who are overweight carry around excess weight placing direct strain and pressure on the spine. Big individuals also tend to carry around more weight in their abdomen region, forcing the lower back to pull your body forward. This exposes your spine to injuries such as muscle strains and compression fractures. In addition, the extra weight that obese people carry around takes a toll on their spinal discs and speeds up the weakening within the vertebral discs.
Wondering if you’re considered overweight? Take our quick BMI quiz to help determine your current weight level.
In addition to wearing a lower back device girdle for your chronic back pain, there are numerous things you can do to aid your condition or injury at home. Here are a few ways to treat your discomfort:
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