A woman’s body does some incredible things before, during and after pregnancy to bring a baby (or babies) into this world. But some of these things also have some negative side effects. One of the more common ones is sacroiliac joint pain during pregnancy. Indeed, an estimated 50 percent to 80 percent of all women experience hip and back pain during pregnancy, according to Ronald J. Tyszkowski, chiropractic physician and founder of Pregnancy-Related Low-Back Pain Clinic at the Women & Infants Hospital of Rhode Island. (Read about other common causes of back pain during pregnancy.) Check out all of BraceAbility’s Maternity Braces & Supports on our website.
The two SI joints of the body refer to the connective ligaments between the iliac bones and the sacrum of the pelvis. The tissues that connect these bone structures of the pelvis allow for very limited movement. Too much movement can result in inflammation that is often the cause of SI joint pain.
SI Joint Pain: Pregnancy Risk Factors
During pregnancy, a woman’s body produces more of the hormone relaxin. This hormone increases the laxity of one’s ligaments. While this is good for giving birth, it is not so ideal in that it allows more movement of these pelvic ligaments, resulting in SI joint pain during pregnancy.
Compounding this issue is the excess weight a pregnant woman will carry as well as any abnormal gait (waddle) or posture she might assume.
Other things that increase one’s risk of SI joint pregnancy pain include heavy lifting (as one might do for childcare) and lying on one’s back. Standing up after sitting can also aggravate this sacroiliac joint dysfunction pregnancy pain.
The symptoms of SI joint dysfunction include pain or stiffness that centers in one’s lower back in the area the SI joints are located. Besides sacroiliac joint pain in pregnancy, one might also experience radiating pain in areas such as the hip, groin, abdomen or the outer part of the leg.
SI Belt: Pregnancy
One often-pursued means of achieving sacroiliac joint pregnancy pain relief is wearing a maternity SI belt. A pregnancy SI belt works as a SI joint pain treatment by stabilizing and supporting the problematic sacroiliac joints by applying targeted compression to the lower back.
Pregnancy can be a cumbersome state in and of itself without trying to throw a support brace into the mix. But the innovative design of the SI belts at BraceAbility makes them easy to wear and adjust. Consider, for instance, the Cybertech Low Profile Sacroiliac Brace that can be used as an SI belt for pregnancy. It features a unique pulley system for easily achieving 5 to 1 compression power with one easy pull. The top-selling Cybertech Sacro Iliac Belt offers the same features.
Other Treatment for SI Joint Pain in Pregnancy
One step for easing sacroiliac pain in pregnancy is to engage in exercises to strengthen the muscles of the abdomen, pelvis and back so that they can help correct the excess motion and take some of the strain off of the SI joint.
Pain relievers (approved by a doctor) can also be helpful for managing sacroiliac pain during pregnancy. A warm bath (keep the water under 100 degrees F to protect the fetus) can also be a soothing remedy for sacroiliac pregnancy discomfort. A prenatal chiropractor may also be able to perform some adjustments to ease SI joint discomfort.
The good news is that SI joint pain with pregnancy typically goes away after birth.